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North Carolina Freedom Park: Education

This guide contains information about the creation of the NC Freedom Park and its board members; an overview of African American history in North Carolina; and the themes of freedom as they relate to culture, education, and business and law.


Image Credit: Anna J. Cooper 1858-1964, NC Highway Historical Marker Program

Anna J. Cooper 

Feminist, Educator

Image credit: John Hope Franklin Timeline, Duke University Libraries

John Hope Franklin (January 2, 1915-March 25, 2009) 

Historian, Educator 


Image Credit: "Who was Ella Baker," Ella Baker Center for Human Rights

Ella J. Baker (December 13,1903-December 13, 1986) 

Mother of the Civil Rights Movement   

Image Credit: “Golden Frinks,” ECU Digital Collections 

Golden Frinks (April 26, 1920-July 19, 2004)

Civil Rights Activist 

Religious Leaders

Image Credit: "Hood, James Walker" NCpedia

James Walker Hood (May 30, 1831-October 30, 1918) 

Clergyman, Politician 


Image Credit: "Sebastian, Martha Josephine Oxford," NCpedia

Martha Josephine Oxford (May 6, 1896-April 24, 1948) 

Pioneer Librarian


Carter, David C. “The Williamston Freedom Movement: Civil Rights at the Grass Roots in Eastern North Carolina, 1957-1964.” The North Carolina Historical Review 76, no. 1 (1999): 1–42.

Hawkins, Karen M. “Rising Phoenix-Like: The African American Struggle and Mobilization for Political Rights in New Bern, North Carolina, 1968-1979.” The North Carolina Historical Review 85, no. 4 (2008): 379–415.

Huddle, Mark Andrew. “To Educate a Race: The Making of the First State Colored Normal School, Fayetteville, North Carolina, 1865-1877.” The North Carolina Historical Review 74, no. 2 (1997): 135–60.

Richardson, Michael B. “‘Not Gradually... But Now’: Reginald Hawkins, Black Leadership, and Desegregation in Charlotte, North Carolina.” The North Carolina Historical Review 82, no. 3 (2005): 347–79.

Thompson, Natasha. “‘Give Us a Status above That of a Submarginal People’: Racial Policies, Practices, and Activism in North Carolina 4-H.” The North Carolina Historical Review 93, no. 3 (2016): 308–38.

Valentine, Patrick M. “Steel, Cotton, and Tobacco: Philanthropy and Public Libraries in North Carolina, 1900-1940.” Libraries & Culture 31, no. 2 (1996): 272–98.

Valentine, Patrick M. “The Struggle to Establish Public Library Service in Wilson, North Carolina, 1900-1940.” Libraries & Culture 28, no. 3 (1993): 284–306.